Edit on GitHub

# Quick and Dirty: Santa's Coming

I have been wanting to write a post for awhile, but was travelling for a work event and while on the road I decided to be lazy.

Since I just so happen to use a few GData APIs occasionally in my day to day work, most of the post ideas revolve around quirky things I have done or want to do with the APIs. Also, due to my obscene love for Python, all my mashups seem to end up using the Python Client for GData.

#### Back-story:

As I was finalizing travel and gifts for my winter holiday back home, I called an old friend to let him know I'd be home in 40 days. After relaying this information to a few other people, I noted to my girlfriend that it would be nice if a computer would remind me of the count every day. This is where this quick and dirty pair of scripts come in to remind me when Santa is coming.

#### Pre-work — Account Settings:

To allow an app to make requests on my behalf, I signed up to Manage my Domain for use with Google Apps, etc. For illustration purposes, let's say I used http://example.com (in reality, I used a pre-existing App of mine, I really just needed an OAuth token for one time use, no real safety concerns there). After adding this domain in the management page, I am able to get my OAuth Consumer Key and OAuth Consumer Secret which we'll say are EXAMPLE_KEY and EXAMPLE_SECRET in this example. Also in the management page, I set my OAuth 2.0 Redirect URIs and made sure my app can serve that page (even if it is a 404). Again for illustration, let's pretend I used http://example.com/verify.

After doing this settings pre-work, I have two scripts to do the work for me.

## First script — get the OAuth Token:

import gdata.calendar.client
import gdata.gauth

gcal = gdata.calendar.client.CalendarClient()
oauth_callback = 'http://example.com/verify'
consumer_key = 'EXAMPLE_KEY'
consumer_secret = 'EXAMPLE_SECRET'
request_token = gcal.get_oauth_token(scopes, oauth_callback,
consumer_key, consumer_secret)
'Token?hd=default&oauth_token=%s' % request_token.token)
print out_str
gdata.gauth.authorize_request_token(request_token, follow)
gcal.auth_token = gcal.get_access_token(request_token)
print 'TOKEN:', gcal.auth_token.token
print 'TOKEN_SECRET:', gcal.auth_token.token_secret


This script "spoofs" the OAuth handshake by asking the user (me) to go directly to the OAuth Authorize page. After doing so and authorizing the App, I am redirected to http://example.com/verify with query parameters for oauth_verifier and oauth_token. These are then used by the gauth section of the GData library to finish the OAuth handshake. Once the handshake is complete, the script prints out a necessary token and token secret to be used by the second script. I would advise piping the output to a file, augmenting the script to write them to a file, or writing these down (this is a joke, please don't write down 40 plus character goop that was produced by your computer). For the next script, let's pretend our token is FAKE_TOKEN and our token secret is FAKE_TOKEN_SECRET.

#### Second script — insert the events:

# General libraries
from datetime import date
from datetime import timedelta

# Third-party libraries
import atom
import gdata.gauth
import gdata.calendar.client
import gdata.calendar.data

gcal = gdata.calendar.client.CalendarClient()
auth_token = gdata.gauth.OAuthHmacToken(consumer_key='EXAMPLE_KEY',
consumer_secret='EXAMPLE_SECRET',
token='FAKE_TOKEN',
token_secret='FAKE_TOKEN_SECRET',
auth_state=3)
gcal.auth_token = auth_token

today = date.today()
days_left = (date(year=2011, month=12, day=23) - today).days

while days_left >= 0:
event = gdata.calendar.data.CalendarEventEntry()
if days_left > 1:
msg = '%s Days Until Home for Christmas' % days_left
elif days_left == 1:
msg = '1 Day Until Home for Christmas'
elif days_left == 0:
msg = 'Going Home for Christmas'
event.title = atom.data.Title(msg)

# When
start_time = '2011-%02d-%02dT08:00:00.000-08:00' % (today.month, today.day)
end_time = '2011-%02d-%02dT09:00:00.000-08:00' % (today.month, today.day)
event.when.append(gdata.calendar.data.When(
start=start_time,
end=end_time,
reminder=[gdata.data.Reminder(hours='1')]))

gcal.InsertEvent(event)

today += timedelta(days=1)
days_left -= 1


This script first authenticates by using the key/secret pair for the application (retrieved from the settings page) and the key/secret pair for the user token (that we obtained from the first script). To authenticate, we explicitly construct an HMAC-SHA1 signed token in the final auth state (3) of two-legged OAuth and then set the token on our calendar client (gcal).

After authenticating, we start with today and figure out the number of days in the countdown given my return date of December 23, 2011. With these in hand, we can loop through until there are no days left, creating a CalendarEventEntry with title as the number of days left in the countdown and occurring from 8am to 9am PST (UTC -8). Notice also I include a gdata.data.Reminder so I get an email at 7am every morning (60 minutes before the event) updating my brain on the length of the countdown!

#### Cleanup:

Be sure to go to your issued tokens page and revoke access to the App (e.g. http://example.com) after doing this to avoid any unwanted security issues.

#### References:

I have never read this, but I'm sure the documentation on Registration for Web-Based Applications is very helpful.

#### Notes:

• You can annoy other people by inviting them to these events for them as well. To do so, simply add the following two lines before inserting the event

who_add = gdata.calendar.data.EventWho(email='[email protected]')event.who.append(who_add)

• Sometimes inserting an item results in a RedirectError, so it may be safer to try the insert multiple times with a helper function such as the following:

def try_insert(attempts, gcal, event):
from time import sleep
from gdata.client import RedirectError

while attempts > 0:
try:
gcal.InsertEvent(event)
break
except RedirectError:
attempts -= 1
sleep(3)

if attempts == 0:
print 'Insert "%s" failed' % event.title.text

• In what I swear was a complete coincidence, v3 of the Calendar API was announced today. I will try to use the new documentation to redo this quick and dirty example with v3.